Publisher : Social Sciences Academic Press (China)
Published Date : 6/2016
Frequency : Annually
Language : Chinese
ISBN/ISSN : 9787509791196
Pages : 392
Book Type : Report
Size:16K (Apprx 10.2" x 8.3")
Book since 2015, the United States and major domestic and foreign policy developments of the sort comprehensive and systematic. US domestic and foreign policy in 2015 continued to show a stalemate. At the political level, bipartisan polarization fight intensifies, the political response to public opinion of deteriorating. On the economic front, the US economy is continuing to recover slowly, but the people "get a sense of a" limited. At the social level, race, immigration, gun control, gay marriage and other issues continue to cause controversy. In the international arena, the United States continue to strengthen the Asia-Pacific strategy to achieve the United States resumed diplomatic relations ancient, urged Iran nuclear deal, but the face of Syria and the threat of terrorism "Islamic State" and the rise of reality, the Obama administration has chosen "Do not fudge" budget balance, unable to convince the international community.
Table of Content
Ⅰ General Report
1 2016 United States Elections: The Wind Vane of U.S. Domestic and Foreign Policy【Diao Daming】／001
Abstract:2016 United States elections have wind-vane implications for U.S. domestic and foreign policy in the next four years. With the U.S. public resentment such as dissatisfaction, anxiety, anger and even fear against the current political, economic and social situation and international environment, both parties are clearly showing the split tendency, and so-called “anti-establishment” candidates become unexpectedly major factor during the campaigns. Especially on the Republican side, the so-called “Trump phenomenon” is more “nativism” and “anti-intellectualism” extreme tendency to respond to the demands of the U.S. public. As an open presidential election, 2016 elections are fraught with uncertainty. Base on the estimated distribution of the states’ electoral colleges and the theories of “historical cycle”, “party realignment” and “sectionalism”, Democrats has slightly more advantage in the presidential election. Meanwhile, Republicans are more likely to continue the majority in the U.S. House of Representatives, but face greater pressure to maintain the majority in the U.S. Senate. The China-related campaign by the candidates from both two parties during the 2016 U.S. Elections reflects the worsen China bashing on the dimension of issue ownship and issue framing. The Sino-US relations after the election is also very likely to face an inevitable adjustment and test.
Keywords:U.S. Politics;2016 United States Elections; Trump Phenomenon; Sino-US Relations
Ⅱ Respective Reviews
2 American Politics in 2015:Changing Perceptions of Public Policy and Retreating Establishment
Abstract:In 2015, there emerged a marked change among the American public in the perceptions of public policy, while the rise of candidates outside the political establishment attracts widespread concerns. The public’s policy priorities changed significantly and their perceptions on health care reform become more positive. Pitched battle within both Democrats and Republicans for the nomination of 2016 presidential election is being unfolded in full swing. The rise of non-establishment candidates is an extraordinary phenomenon. The leaderships in federal and state governments change significantly. Changes in inter-governmental relations are particularly evident in the federal level. In terms of governance, the finance reform of state judges election, the implementation of Obamacare and the legalization of same sex marriage are achieved with profound influence.
Keywords:American Politics; Policy Perception; Political Establishment
3 U.S. Economy in 2015: Growth Sustained While Risks Remained【Wang Rongjun】／069
Abstract:In 2015, American economic growth felt the impact of the dramatic fall of international oil prices and the continuing appreciation of the US dollar since latter half of 2014. Its growth rate is roughly the same as the last year, with employment situation continued to improve and inflation rate stayed low. The housing sector maintained on the recovery path and private consumption was still the main driver of the growth, consumer expenditure expanded further but with a slower pace. Private investment grew with a relatively low pace, and the export went down obviously. In the second half of 2015, corporate profits suffered due to the sluggish business investment, industrial production indexes were weak, and the volatility of financial market continued its way, standing in contrast with the strong job data. The Federal Reserve was forced to weigh different policy choices with more cautious, adjusting to the complicated domestic and international economic environment. Risks associated with monetary policy are likely to grow in 2016.
Keywords:U.S. Economy; Labor Market； Inflation； Monetary Policy； Consumer Expenditure
4 American Society in 2015: Limited Readjustment and Increased Divergence【Zhou Jing】／088
Ⅳ U.S.Economy and Society
14 TPP Competition Rules and the US Perspectives on Leadership in Global Governance【Su Hua】／255
Keywords:Free Trade Agreements; Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP); Competition Policy; Competitive Neutrality; State-owned Enterprises (SOEs)
15 Policies and Actions on Climate Change by Obama Administration【Liu Yuanling】／272
Keywords:American Climate Change Policy; Global Climate Governance
16 Economic Recovery and Transformation of US Population and Society【Wei Nanzhi】／291
Keywords:American Society; Economic Recovery；Social Structure；Political Polarization
17 The Confederate Flag Controversy and Current Race Relations in the U.S.【Ji Hong】／308
Abstract:The article outlines the evolution of two waves of protests over the Confederate flag around 2000 and in 2015 in Southern States, and tries to explore how the racism continues to have a material impact on the lives of African Americans in the nationwide through the case study of the confederate flag dispute. Recognizing the recent uprising against the Confederate flag is a welcome development, the article argues that it will likely be a long-term battle to thoroughly uproot the ideas what the confederate flag represents.
Keywords:U.S. Race Relation; Charleston Church Killing; Demographic Changes
18 Motivations and Trends of the Worsening Gun Violence【Gao Yingdong】／324
Abstract:In 2015, the gun violence in the U.S. was brought into sharp focus, which became a hot topic among social political issues and also constituted a great challenge to the Federal Government. Although the gun violence occurred frequently and caused a great damage last year, the gun control get few support from the majority of Americans due to some facts, such as the basic gun right granted by the constitution and deep-rooted gun culture, the vested interests in the production and sales of guns, and the practical need for safety. In view of all this, to prevent and contain gun violence is still far from achievable.
Keywords:American Society; Gun Violence；Gun Control； Gun Control Act